If you are like most people then you have probably visited a few websites. This means that you have actually seen a top level domain. But, do you know what it is? Top level domains represent the labels we see after the last dot in the domain name. As you may know, there is more than one type of top level domain out there. Each of them was designed for a different purpose. However, this doesn’t mean that the rules are strict and that you can’t register a top level domain for another reason.
First of all, there are generic top level domains which are the most used domains today. Without any doubt .com is the most used domain of this kind. This is one of the original seven top level domains. Today, there are dozens of top level domains to choose from. Some examples of modern top level domains include .xyz, .photography, .guru, .expert, .pro and more. This is a good thing because people who want to register a new domain name will have a chance to find a free domain name with a top level domain instead of using second level domains which make things more complicated.
Additionally, there are sponsored top level domains. They represent a special kind of top level domains which are offered by sponsors. These sponsors, on the other hand, are representing specific communities that will find the sponsored domain attractive. In other words, they are created for specific target audiences. It’s not easy to register a sponsored top level domain because you have to prove that you actually have the right to use it. For example, .gov is a sponsored top level domain which is used by the US government. Only government agencies and bodies can use this sponsored TLD. The same goes for .POST which is used by postal offices and organizations.
Finally, we have country code top level domains. They were designed for websites that come from specific states or countries. They always have two letters. In many cases, website owners that are targeting country-specific audience are using top level domains like this. Some examples of country code top level domains include .ca for Canada, .us for the United States of America, .mx for Mexico, .fr for France, .co.uk for the United Kingdom, and .de for Germany.
Hopefully, this basic guide will help you understand the science behind top level domains.